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A person who wanted to end slavery
The freeing of slaves.
Belonging to a period before a war especially the American Civil War
Formal withdrawal of states or regions from a nation
Compromise of 1850
Before the War, Gave North and South part of what they wanted. (1) California admitted as free state, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive s…
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Fugitive Slave Act
Escaped slaves must be returned to masters (part of Compromise of 1850)
1830, Harriet Tubman, a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones.
He was a slave who was taken to free territory. Scott sued for his freedom and the Supreme Court declared that slaves are property, not people.
Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so
A loose union of independent states; name of government used by the southern states that seceded from the Union.
A federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt
A clause in a document or agreement.
Betrayal or disloyalty to one's country
American Colonization Society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors …
Free African American that contributed to polotics, medicine, and science.
a free black who invented the harpoon
William Wells Brown
the first african american novelist and playwright.
Daniel A. Payne
established a free school for african americans.
Many southerners saw _______ as threats.
When was cotton in great demand?
Sea Island cotton
cotton grown on the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina, where the winters were very mild.
cotton that could withstand coler temperatures.
In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin that removed the seeds from cotton mechanically
rapid growth of the northern cotton cloth industry
The cotton boom was made possible by the _______.
In 1860, _______% of southerners owned no slaves.
During _______, all work stopped and slaves were treated much better after the long cotton season.
The cotton gin increased _______.
the demand for slave labor
Slave quarters were simple, but not _______.
_______ claimed one of the largest and most successful slave markets.
By the 1830's, slaveowners thought that slavery was _______.
Fourth of July
During _______, Americans celebrated with fireworks, parades, ect.
angry that they are being treated so badly when their masters believe in equality of all men.
On the 4th of July, some speeches promoted equality. African American slaves felt _______ when they heard this.
wanted to abolish slavery
Some _______ assisted fugitive slaves.
The Mexican Cession
The Wilmot Priviso stated that slavery woulr not be allowed in _______.
California entered the union as a _______ state.
Missouri entered the union as a _______ state.
slaves were allowed south of the line.