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a government ruled by elected representatives instead of a monarch
: wealthy landowner.
leaders of the ancient Roman Republic. Two consuls led the government at a time
A leader who has complete control of a country and who kills anyone who disagrees with him.
farmers and other common people who lacked money and power in Ancient Rome
Law of the Twelve Tables
Created so the citizens could know what the laws were and appeal a judgment handed down by a patrician judge
People who ruled much of central Italy including Rome, taughed Rome alphabet, engineering, and the use of the arch Romans drove out the ruler in 509BCE
Elected officals of the plebeians, they had the power to veto or block laws which they felt were harmful to the plebeians
A power that the Tribunes had when dealing with laws they felt were unjust for the Plebeians`
Military unit which included 5,000 men, consisted of citizen-soldiers who originally fought without pay and had to supply their own weapon
powerful city and empire of North Africa
The Punic Wars
The three wars between Rome and Carthage, Rome defeated Carthage in all three wars
Carthagenian general who tried to take Rome by surprise (by crossing the Alps with his army and elephants)
Senator of Rome between the 2nd and 3rd Punic Wars "Carthage must be destroyed "
Tiberius and Gaius Garcchus
Two brothers both elected as tribune. Wanted to reform Rome. Tiberius distributed land to poor farmers and ten years later Gaius reformed Rome even more and used public funds to buy grain to feed the poor
Julius Caesar
..., Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic.
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered
Ides of March
March 15th, the day Julius Caesar was assassinated.
Octavian (Augustus) Ceasar
Adopted son of Julius, came to power after Julius was assassinated, defeated Antony (former ally in his search for Julius murderers), built a stable gov
Pax Romana
("Roman Peace") long era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire
Successor of Octavian, not good, little crazy, appointed horse as a consul
If you were a Roman Christian, who would have been the worst Empiror to live under?
Successor of Octavian, good ruler, codified Roman law, built wall across Britain to protect against non Romans.
Marcus Aurelius
161-180. Stoic philosopher. Wrote Meditations, a collection of his thoughts.
Cirus Maximus
Larges racecourse, chariots races and gladiators
Bread an circuses
The rich paying off the poor with food or distractions to keep them from rioting.
Anointed king sent by God
Person who presided over a priest, was a high church official responsible for everyone in his diocese
A bishop of Rome. began to claim authority over all other bishops
Religious belief that is contrary to the official teachings of a church
People who suffered or died for their beliefs
Edict of Milan
Edict granted by the emperor Constantine. It granted freedom to worship to all citizens in the roman empire
Jesus 12 followers. In greek it means " a person sent forth"
A leader who taught Christianity to the gentiles (non-Jews) all around the Mediterranean. He wrote letters and explained difficult doctrines. His letters became part of the new testament.
Bridge like stone structures that carried water from the hills into roman cities.
Classical Roman poet, author of Aenied
Astronomer-mathematician who stated that the earth was the center of the universe
Domed temple that honors many Roman gods
Emperor who set out to restore order after the end of the pax romana. He divided the empire into two part. The eastern of himself and the west for Maximian
Who was the first Christian emperor of the Roman world?
Nomadic people who migrated from central Asia, dislodged Germanic people and crossed into roman territory, eventually took over Rome itself
Invaders whoe defeated the roman army at adrianople
Leader of the huns, embarked on a savage campaign of conquest across much of Europe
Germanic leader ousted the emperor in Rome. (476)
Visigoth general overran Italy and plundered Rome in 410