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Level 439

Start of the Cold War

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Who met in Yalta?
Roosevelt, Stalin, And Churchill
In Yalta, What did they discuss?
Poland and the rest of Europe
In Yalta, What did they agree on?
Non-communists to be part of emergency governments and Free Elections ASAP
What was the outcome of Yalta?
USSR disallowed democracy in Poland. Great bitterness caused in the USA
Who met in Potsdam?
Truman, Stalin, First Roosevelt, then Attlee
The Future of Germany
In Potsdam, What did they discuss?
In Potsdam, What did they agree on?
Borders between Germany and Poland, wiping out Nazi influence, Agreements for
What was the outcome of Potsdam?
USA prevented USSR influence in the Ruhr area of Germany and occupied Japan.
Iron Curtain
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
What was Stalin's Excuse for this?
Building out borders to protect itself, and that Russia felt hard war in WWII
Containment foreign policy towards communism is containment
Truman Doctrine
Truman Doctrine 1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism.
Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
Created in 1949-Nations in Western Europe who were friendly towards the US.
Berlin Blockade
April 1, 1948 - Russia under Stalin blockaded Berlin completely in the hopes that the West would give the entire city to the Soviets to administer. To bring in food and supplies, the U.S.…
It was an economic organization under the leadership of the Soviet Union thsat comprised the countries of the Eastern bloc. , (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) an organization for economic cooperation in European Communist states
East Germany
German Democratic Republic
Soviet Atom Bomb
americans had nukes. stalin told his scientists to develop one, and in 1949 they succeded
Warsaw Pact
Created in 1955-Nations in Eastern Europe who were dominated by the USSR.
Cold War
Series of events between U.S. and USSR where they compete for global dominance without directly fighting each other (capitalism vs. Communism)
Roosevelt (USA)
Who were the leaders present in Yalta?
What was discussed in the Yalta conference?
Poland and the rest of eastern europe
What was agreed upon in the Yalta conference?
non-communists to be a part of emergency governments
What was the outcome of the Yalta conference?
Soviet Union did not allow democracy in Poland
Truman (USA)
Leaders present in the Potsdam Conference?
the future running of Germany
What was discussed in the Potsdam conference?
What was agreed upon in the Potsdam Conference?
borders between Germany and Poland wiping out Nazi influence
What was the outcome of the Potsdam conference?
USA prevented Soviet Union involvement in the rich Ruhr area of
Why did Stalin build the 'iron curtain'.?
the take-over was a defensive move: an attempt to build up a friendly
For the American Leader, Truman, the take-over was an
What was the american point of view to the 'iron curtain'?
What was the American RESPONSE to the 'iron curtain'?
-Between 1945 and 1949 the Americans developed a policy calles
Explain the Truman Doctrine:
Truman promised help for any people who wanted to resist communism and immediate help
Explain The Marshall Plan:
The economy of Europe was in ruins at the end of the war. The Marshall Plan, aimed to
Explain the founding of NATO:
The USA took the lead in organizing a military alliance of non-communist countries in
Explain the setting up of West Germany:
At the end of the war Germany was divided into the British, French, American,
What was the soviet point of view to containment?
Stalin saw American actions as aggressive and a threat to the
Explain the Berlin Blockade:
West Berlin was an island of democracy and capitalism in the Soviet Zone. Stalin was
Explain COMECON:
the Soviet Union tried to answer the marshall plan by setting up a trading Bloc of Communist
Explain the setting up of east germany:
After the establishment of West Germany the soviet zone of germany was set up
Explain the soviet atomic bomb:
The USA had a monopoly of weapons after 1945. Stalin ordered Soviet scientists to
Explain the Warsaw Pact:
In 1955, NATO was expanded to include West Germany. The Soviet Union created a military
Josef Stalin
communist dictator of the Soviet Union (Russia)
satellite nations
Communist nations in Eastern Europe on friendly terms with the USSR and thought of as under the
Security Council
China, US, UK, France, USSR
General Assembly
51 original member nations, now 193 members
Yalta Conference
February 1945, war against Germany and Japan was still ongoing, but war was considered pretty much over
Potsdam Conference
August 1945, Truman yet to drop the bomb, Allies met again in Potsdam
united nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Chiang Kai-shek
leader of the nationalist government in China. US supported Chiang by giving aids
H Bomb
hydrogen bomb invented in 1950's, MORE powerful than atomic bomb, example of Cold War arms race
Duck and Cover
strategy taught to students in school to protect themselves from nuclear attack
Mao Zedong
a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949
UN Charter
The founding document of the United Nations. Charter also lays out the structure and methods of the UN.
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Federal Republic of Germany
(West Germany) created Sept.1949 Democratic State
German Democratic Republic
East Germany; Controlled by the USSR
International organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective
Peoples Republic of China
Commonly known as China, a socialist republic ruled by the Communist Party of China
Republic of China
The island of Taiwan established in '49 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China