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A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments.
Division of Powers
Government provides between the National government and the governments of the 50 states.
Delegated Powers
A government only has the powers delegated (granted) to it in the constitution.
Expressed Powers
Also known as Enumerated Powers, Expressed Powers are delegated to the National Government in so many words. They are spelled out, expressly in the Constitution.
Implied Powers
Not expressly stated in the constitution, but they are reasonably suggested (implied) by the expressed power.
Inherent Powers
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community. For example, Inherent powers have the right to protect…
Reserved Powers
Powers that the Constitution does not grant the National Government, or deny to the State Government. For example, a State can forbid a person under 18 to marry without parental consent
Exclusive Powers
Power that can only be exercised by the national government, not the state. To coin money would serve as an example
Concurrent Powers
Powers that both the National Government and states possess and exercise. Examples include the power to levy and collect taxes, to define crimes and set punishments for them, and to condemn private property for public use.
Supremacy Clause
A provision of the U.S. Constitution that states that the Constitution, federal law, and treaties of the U.S. are the "Supreme Law of the Land
Enabling Act
An act that directs the people of a territory to frame a proposed State constitution.
Act of Admission
The act that creates a new State. It must be signed by the President and can only take place after an enabling act is passed.
Offers grants of federal money or other resources to the States and their cities, counties, and other local units.
Categorical Grants
They have been the prevalent grants over time. They are made for some specific purpose, such as school lunches or construction projects.
Block Grants
Grants made with fewer strings attached and may apply to healthcare, social services, or welfare.
Project Grant
Grants made to States, localities, and sometimes private agencies that apply. An example might be cancer research
Interstate Compact
Although no State can enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, it can enter into agreements among themselves and with foreign states. One example might be trading prisoners.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Insures that all states recognize public records such as birth certificates and marriage certificates
States must return criminals who are trying to excape justice from another state.
Privileges and Immunities Clause
Means that no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in another state
Republican form of government, protection, territorial integrity
guarantees to the states from the national government
Interstate compacts
Agreements between states to work together on common issues. Must be approved by Congress.
Full Faith and Credit
Each state must recognize the laws and legal proceedings of the other states. Examples: car registration, driver's license, birth certificates, etc.
Privileges and Immunities
One state may not discriminate unreasonably against a citizen of another state. Included are the rights to live in any state; use of the courts; making contracts; buy, sell or hold property; and marry. …