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Level 48

Presidency & the Bureaucracy

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a general pardon
appointment power
The authority vested in the president to fill a government office or position. Positions filled by presidential appointment include those in the executive branch and the federal judiciary, commissioned officers in the armed forces,…
An advisory group selected by the president to aid him in making decisions.
Chief Diplomat
President's role as the spokesperson to the rest of the world
Chief Executive
The president's role as head of the goverment of the United States and its main decision maker.
Chief Legislator
The role of the president in making laws.
Chief of Party
The role of the chief executive as nation's partisan political leader.
Chief of State
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the goverment of the United states.
Commander in Chief
The role of the President, as provided in Artical II, section 2 of the Constitution, as supreme commander of the military forces of the United States and the state Natinal Guard uniteds when called into federal service.
Emergency Powers
powers given to leaders in times of a crisis
Executive Agreement
an agreement made between the president and a head of state
Executive Order
A rule or regulation, issued by the president, a governor, or some administative authority, that has the effect of law
Executive privilege
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security
The President's refusal to spend money Congress has voted to fund a program
Line-Item Veto
the power of the head of the executive branch to reject one part of a bill but approve the rest of it
Kitchen Cabinet
an inner circle of unofficial advisors to the head of a government
Minority President
A president that doesn't win the popular vote
An executive Grant of release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime before or after conviction.
Pocket Veto
a bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns
relevant minister of ms holding presidency for that 6 month term
official approval
Recess Appointment
a presidential appointment made when the Congress is not in session that usually lacks enough votes in the Senate for confirmation. The position must be confirmed by the Senate by the end of the …
the power exercised exclusively by the President to establish diplomatic relations with foreign states.
Removal Power
presidents power to remove his appointed officials if he has a ligidiment reason
Twentieth admendment
the "Lame duck" Admendment to the Consitiution, adopted in 1933, which changed the date for beginning of the presidential and vice-presidential terms from March 4 to January 20, and the beginning congressional terms from March 4 to January 3.
Twentieth-fifth admendment
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1967, that establishes procedures for filling vacancies in the two top executive offices, and make provision for situations involving presidential disability.
Twenty-second Admendment
An Amendment to the constitution to the constitution, adopted in 1951,, limiting presidential tenure to two terms for an individual.
A vote that blocks a decision.
Vice president
an executive officer ranking immediately below a president
1972; Nixon feared loss so he approved the Commission to Re-Elect the President to spy on and espionage the Democrats. A security gaurd foiled an attempt to bug the Democratic National Committe Headquarters, exposing…
Meyers v. United States
Upheld the President's removal from office of a postmaster without approval of the Senate to the removal.
United States v. Nixon
held that while there may be a sound basis for the claim of executive privilege, there is no "absolute unqualified Presidential privilege of immunity from judicial process under all circumstances".
the president and his political appointees, who are responsible for directing the executive branch of government
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
a large, complex organization consisting of appointed officials.
government corporation
A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program.
Hatch Act
Prohibits govt employees from engaging in pol. activities whle on duty/running for office/seeking poli. funding while off duty; if in sensitive positions, may not be involved w/ pol. activities on/off duty
Independent executive agency
A federal agency that is not part of a cabinet department but reports directly to the president e.g. NASA
Independent regulatory agency
Administrative agency not considered part of executive branch, not subject to authority of president. Officials of these agencies have fixed terms cannot be removed without cause. Ex: Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Iron triangle
a close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group
Pendleton Act
1883 law that created a Civil Service Commission and stated that federal employees could not be required to contribute to campaign funds nor be fired for political reasons