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Level 23

Rebirth of China & the Rise of Japan

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Tributary states
Countries that recognize Chinese power had to pay a tax
Vietnam, Korea and Tibet
Examples of tributary states
How Chinese culture was spread
Nobel's sons were sent to the capital where they went to Chinese school so when they returned to their country they spread the culture they'd picked up
Tang government
Rebuilt the bureaucracy, had new more flexible law code, scholar gentry staffed most governmental positions, the empire was divided into prefectures/provinces
Bureau of sensors
People who reported governmental misdeeds to the Emperor
Equal field system
Males were given 13 acres of land
Economic changes of the Tang
Redistributed land, the power of the landlords was reduced, government revenues increased by giving peasants land
Grand canal
Connected the yellow River with the Yang sea and helped trade increase
Silk Road
The trade route that reopened on which luxuries were traded
Economic part of China that had guilds and people bought with paper money
Characteristics of women in the tang
Some had high status, such as Empress Wu, they could not remarry, ran family affairs, and could not divorce without consent from male
Characteristics of Buddhism in China
Became very popular; people built monasteries and sculpture of Buddha and Confucian scholars began to persecute Buddhists out of envy
Reason the tang collapses
The Song Dynasty
The dynasty that controlled less territory then the tang but ruled longer
Political structure of the Song
Had a huge bureaucracy, and Confucian scholars were paid more and had many luxuries
Characteristics of the song economy
They traded with India, the Middle East, and Africa, they continued to use paper money and banks, and agriculture was a main occupation and rice was a cash crop
Wealthy landowners, scholars, and government officials
Characteristics of peasants
They lived in self-sufficient villages, and could take the civil service exam, so they could rise in status
The people whose status was below that of the peasants because they did not do any work; they sold goods others made
Status of women in the Song
It declined; there was foot binding and arranged marriages
Extended families
Kinds of families the wealthy lived in
Nuclear family
Kind of family the peasants lived in
Achievements of the song and tang Dynasty's
Writing and literature (poetry), paintings with Daoistic and nature themes, calligraphy and movable type, sculptures and architecture such as pagodas and statues of Buddha, porcelain, technology, luxuries
Famous poet
Multi story temples with an upturned roof
New technology
Gunpowder, wheelbarrow, compass, bridges/canals, abacus (type of calculator)
The size of Japan
About the size of California
Chain of islands that makes up a nation
Characteristics of life on the islands
The islands were mostly volcanoes, Terrace farming was necessary, and most people lived on the coastal plain
The coastal plain
The area from the coast to the volcano region
Food grown in Japan
Sugar, tea, and Mulberry bushes
Japanese climate
The north was much like the kind of main; cold, and the south was semi-tropical. Mild climate was good for growing
Terrace farming and fishing
Major industries of Japan
Mainland Asia; China and Korea
Where the early Japanese migrated from
Japanese clans, each with its own god or goddess
Sun goddess who was the main goddess of the Japanese
Religion in which they worshiped gods in nature; literal translation is the way of the gods
Nature spirits
Yamoto clan
The clan that claimed dissent from the sun goddess, formed a dynasty and chose an emperor, and was located on Honshu
Chinese ideas that the Japanese borrowed
Confusion ideas such as the civil-service exam, bureaucracy, Chinese writing, Court etiquette/behavior rules, and Buddhism and Confucianism
The group who grows very powerful in politics and takes over
Heian period
Period in which the capital was moved to Kyoto and the Fujiwara family was the most powerful
Two characteristics of the heian period
Elegant Court life with many luxuries, many stories and poetry were written and the Chinese script was changed to fit Japanese language
Lady Murasaki
Wrote the first novel; tale of Genji
Roles of Japanese women
They were educated and wrote poetry, they could play instruments, they were constricted by social codes in the sense that there were arranged marriages and they had to wear certain clothes and behave a cer…
Japanese feudalism
Considered centralized; ruled by one central figure
Warriors and hunters Who prepared for war and used swords, longbows, and spears
Farmers who were similar to serfs
Code of Bushido
The code of ethics the upper-class followed in which you could not surrender and you had to kill yourself if you were captured by the enemy
Ritual suicide
Characteristics of Japanesewomen
Were respected and were occasionally allowed to fight
Tokugawa shogunate
Rule by a king that brought peace and prosperity through control and no wars. It was a time of culture, for example- kabuki
Leader/founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate Who made the Daimyo live in Edo, the capital, every other year so they would not build up too much power
Economic changes of Japan
There were new foods such as soy beans, technologies, and fertilizers. The merchant class increased and traded silk, hemp (rope), paper, dye
Geography of Korea
70% of Korea was mountainous, people lived on the coastal Plains, and fishing was a major industry
Climate of Koreaq
The north was cold and dry, and the south was warm but very cold in the winter
Ruled by kingdoms
How the Koreans were ruled
Chinese influence in Korea
Buddhism, civil-service exam, Law Code
Geography of Vietnam
Mountainous and hard to conquer, and tropical and hot and humid
Climate of Vietnam
Tropical; hot and humid
Chinese influences in Vietnam
Buddhism, government structure which made them more organized than those around them, and architecture and buildings
How the vietmanese kept their culture
Food, families, clothes, and women and power
military established by the minamoto that retained power
Zen Buddhism
stressed meditation and natural beauty