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Level 56

International Institutions & War

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Institutions that help their members cooperate militarily in the event of a war
Balance Of Power
A balance of power is a state of equilibrium in which no nation or group of nations is able to dominate others.
A strategy in which states join forces with the stronger side in a conflict
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
An alliance formed in 1949 among the United States, Canada, and most of the states of Western Europe in response to the threat posed by the Soviet Union. Requires the members to consider an at…
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
League of Nations
A collective security organization founded in 1919 after WWI. Ended in 1946 and was replaced by the United Nations.
United Nations (UN)
Collective security organization founded in 1945 after WWII. With over 190 members, the UN includes all recognized states.
Collective Security Organizations
Broad-based institutions that promote peace and security among their members. Examples include the League of Nations and the United Nations.
Intentional and systematic killing aimed at eliminating an identifiable group of people, such as an ethnic or religious group
Security Council
Main governing body of the UN; it has the authority to identify threats to international peace and security and to prescribe the organization's response including military and/or economic sanctions.
Permanent Five (P5)
The five permanent members of the UN Security Council: the U.S., Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union (now Russia), and China.
Veto Power
Ability to prevent the passage of a measure through a unilateral act, such as a single negative vote
Peacekeeping Operation
An operation in which troops and observers are deployed to monitor a ceasefire or peace agreement
Peace-Enforcement Operation
Military operation in which force is used to make and/or enforce peace among warring parties that have not agreed to end their fighting