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Compound Statement
A grouping of one or more statements using curly-braces { }. [p44]
Whitespace
Extra space (or TAB) characters in a program that are used to help the programmer understand the
Operator
A symbol that causes the compiler to take an action such as assigning a value or performing
Operand
A piece of data given to an operator. Most operators take two operands. Example, "5 + 6" has two operands
Mathematical Operators
The standard math operators are Addition (+), Subtraction (-), Multiplication (*) and
Modulus Operator
A special operator in C++ using the symbol "%" that determines the remainder of the
Relational Operators
A type of operator that compares two operands and return true or false. The standard
Logical Operators
A type of operator that takes Boolean values and returns a Boolean result. In C++, the
Combined Operators
In C++, two operators can be combined to make a shorthand version. Examples include, add-
Increment Operator
A special operator that takes the current value of a variable, adds one and then places
Decrement Operator
A special operator that takes the current value of a variable, subtracts one and then
Prefix Operators
A special form of the increment and decrement operator where the operator precedes the
Postfix Operators
A special form of the increment and decrement operator where the operator appears after
Operator Precedence
The order in which complex expressions are evaluated. For a complex expression like "x = 5
If Statement
A special statement that evaluates a condition and, if the condition evaluates to true, then one