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Introduction to Residential Product Knowledge


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Building codes serve to
help preserve the health and safety of the community by requiring minimum standards for the
Building codes are enforced by
requiring Permits for construction and issuing occupancy Permits for new residents
Citations are issued against property owners who are
in violation of housing codes
Florida has a complete list of building requirements necessary for
building
Some subsections of building requirement regulations include
building codes, housing codes, electrical codes,
B.O.C.A. stands for
Building Officials and Code Administrator
In residential building, the shape of a lot frequently influences the buyer in the selection of
purchasing a current
The types of lots most often used in residential building are a
corner lot, key lot or interior lot
A lot is
an individual parcel of land intended for building a home and is referred to as a lot number on a
A corner lot has a street on at least two sides. Usually this type of lot has a
side yard rather than a large back
A Key lot is located next to a corner lot on the side or the rear. It has added value if
needed by the corner
A Interior lot is a lot, which has
only one side on a street. It usually has another home located behind it
A T Lot is
at the end of a t intersection with a street facing it and a street running next to it
A Cul de sac lot is
a lot that is ideal for small children, this type of lot is pie shaped and faces a
A Flag Lot is
a lot that looks like the flag on a pole. It usually has a narrow front entrance and a large rear
With regard to lots, a Zero Lot line means that
one side of the building sits directly on the line. This is not
Roof construction uses
the truss roof system
With regard to a truss roof, the rafters are covered by boards or exterior grade
plywood
With regard to a truss roof, on top of the plywood sheets
a building material or felt is used
should not be less than
4" every 12'
A roof rising four inches in height over a one foot distance has a pitch of
4/12. This provides for adequate
A Gable roof is
a roof type with 2 slopes, meeting at the apex or peak
With regard to roofs, Hip is
a line created by two ascending roof planes, a secondary ridge
Flat roofs have no
slat and are prone to water damage
Gambrel is
a symmetric roof type in which opposite sides of the roof both have 2 individual pitches
Mansard is
a roof style featuring a steep, roof type covering on the 2nd floor and a flat or near flat roof
Dormer is
a projection from a roof, consisting of walls and a smaller roof and normally at least one window
A shed roof is
one single steep plane. It is used for contemporary housing
With regard to a roof structure, a joist is a
floor or ceiling framing member, generally horizontal
With regard to a roof structure, a rafter is a
roof framing member
A truss is a
framing member, usually for floors or roofs, which achieves its strength through the triangular
A Pitch is a
measure of roof steepness, based on the rise run ratio
A Girder (or beam) is a
main horizontal, structural support
Types of roof materials vary from
shingles, to tile, and wood shake shingles
The buyer should be aware of the type of material that is used for a roof and
how long the material will last
With regard to a roof, tile is
the longest material lasting about 50 years
Florida residents may wish to consider hurricane anchors for
holding the roof to the structure since these appear
Interior walls can be covered with a variety of materials. Usually the home frame is covered with
sheets of
With regard to interior walls, drywall has the advantage of
coming in sheets and can be treated with anti-mold
With regard to interior walls, plaster is used in
older homes and has a nice finish, but it is prone to
Windows come in two basic categories, which are
operable and inoperable
Operable windows include
double hung windows that are the old style window, with sash; both pieces of the
Inoperable windows include
wood mount window which is a picture window
Windows may be cased in a variety of materials such as
aluminum, wood, steel, and vinyl
Windows are noted by the
U factor and the buyer should be aware of the quality of the insulation of the
Windows should be
insulated and the seal between the windows should be intact
The windows of a property have become a material item in Florida with regard to
property insurance
An impact resistant window can
lower the insurance premium of a property by as much as 30% if 100% of the windows
If an owner is replacing the windows in a property, the code may require
impact resistant glass
With regard to insulation, the amount of insulation and insulation factor, meaning
the R value, is important to
With regard to insulation, the R factor is used to
determine the resistance of heat flow
With regard to insulation, the higher the "R" value,
the better the insulation
Insulation is used to
control heat, cold, sound, and moisture in a home
Electric heating requires
more insulation to work properly
There are all types of materials used in insulation including
foam, fiberglass, vermiculite, and mineral wool
Minimum standards of insulation are recommended by
the Department of Energy by zip codes through out the U S A.
Modern heating and air conditioning systems should
work efficiently, delivering the maximum air or heat with a
Modern heating and air conditioning system, types of heating include
forced air or heat pump
With regard to modern heating and air conditioning systems, forced air is
using a furnace and usually, natural
With regard to modern heating and air conditioning systems, heat pumps is
using a furnace plus a heat pump on
With regard to modern heating and air conditioning systems, older homes have
oil burning furnaces
With regard to modern heating and air conditioning systems, rural homes frequently have
propane heat
used, the real estate professional should
seek assistance from the supplier to determine how much supply is
Solar energy can be used for
heating
Electric cables through floor or wall panels have proven to
provide clean, even heat throughout a home
Types of air conditioning include
room units, central air conditioning and heat pump
Fans throughout the home also help to distribute the air in the home. An attic fan can be used to
vent hot air
the percolation field and the entire system conform to Clean Air and Clean Water Acts of both the
State of
A cisterns is a
waterproof receptacle for holding liquids, usually water
With regard to water supply the a home. It is essential to have a well tested for
purity and safety
Hot water is delivered to the home using a
hot water heater
Natural gas, propane and electricity are the fuel source of
water heaters
With regard to water heaters, the homeowner should be aware of
energy efficiency standards for water heaters and
Most water heaters have a life expectance of about
10 to 12 years
All plumbing should conform to the _______ code for plumbing
B O C A
of plumbing pipe for potable water in residential construction
C P V C
Each bathroom should be adequately
vented according to Code and the venting of the water heater and kitchen
With regard to water supply to a home, all water fixtures should have
separate Shutoffs for emergency repair
Traps are
u shaped pipes whose purpose it is to form a seal to prevent water and gases from re-entering the
Traps are U shaped pipes whose purpose it is to
form a seal to prevent water and gases from re-entering the home.
Proper ventilation for vent stacks should be
maintained for the safety of those in the home
A vent stack is
a vertical vent pipe installed primarily for the purpose of providing circulation of air to and from
With regard to the electric in a home, modern construction requires a
110 220 volt wiring system that has a
With regard to the electric in a home, today's standards are
120 and 240 amps
An amp is the measure of the
amount of electric current moving along a wire
With regard to the electric in a home, the force that moves the current is measured in
volts
The electric company charges the homeowner with the amount of
kilowatts (thousand of watts) used
One kilowatt equals
1000 watts
Electricity travels in a circuit. In the United States a three wire system is used to
provide and regulate the
In a three wire system, the black wire is the
Hot wire leading to the switch
In a three wire system, the gray or white wire is the
neutral wire used to carry the electricity away and complete
In a three wire system, the Green wire is the
ground wire used to reroute excess electricity
With regard to electricity, older homes used a system of Fuses to
break the flow of amps through an electrical
With regard to electricity in older homes, Fuses Did Not
prove to be a very effective or a safe method of
electricity such as kitchens and bathrooms,
ground fault interrupters are used to protect homeowners
Real estate professionals should always use a qualified home inspector to determine problems with
framing and
Things to look for on a preliminary inspection of a home include
cracks of all varieties
With regard to a preliminary inspection of a home, cracks are important. A differential crack, meaning
a crack with
With regard to a preliminary inspection of a home, one should look for
bulges in walls from inadequate ground
With regard to a preliminary inspection of a home, one should look at windows for
cracks, leaks in seals,
With regard to a preliminary inspection of a home, one should look for patio doors for
unleveled operation or
With regard to wood destroying organisms in homes, all homes should have a
pest inspection that includes
With regard to wood destroying organisms in homes. Termites cause
thousands of dollars of damage to a home and
With regard to wood destroying organisms in homes. It is essential to have a
current termite inspection at the
With regard to wood destroying organisms in homes, many homeowners have
an on going termite protection plan that can
Carpenter ants are
a very large problem in Florida with the red ants eating wood and destroying property
With regard to wood destroying organisms in homes, a pest inspection should also cover looking for
carpenter
more than ____ days old if it is to be used by FHA
30
Wood can also be damaged by water flow or
dry rot
A careful inspection of wood destroying organisms and repair by the seller prior to closing is
the best practice
More and more, real estate contracts are calling for testing of
environmental hazards for the buyer and the real
A test that should be done to see if environmental hazards exists on the property is
to do a well test for
A test that should be done to see if environmental hazards exists on the property is a
septic tank inspection based
A test that should be done to see if environmental hazards exists on a property is
an asbestos test, especially
handle
the clean up as lead paint is known to cause birth defects and other hazards to humans
harm to the public when
incompetent or dishonest contractors provide unsafe, unstable, or short lived products or
It is necessary in the interest of the public health, safety, and welfare to
regulate the construction industry
Owners of property are exempt from some construction and home improvement laws, provided that
the owner supervises
State law requires that construction of a home to be done by
licensed contractors. You can apply for a permit
To be exempt from hiring a licensed contractor for construction of your home, you must provide
direct, onsite
costs do not exceed
$25,000
must be for your own use or occupancy. It may Not be built or substantially improved for
sale or lease
have built or substantially improved yourself within
1 year after the construction is complete, the law will
With regards to the exemption allowed on construction of your own property, you may not hire
an unlicensed person
for supervising work to a licensed contractor who is not licensed to perform the
work being done
Included in what the exterior of a home may be covered in is
wood
Batten material is
a thin strip of solid material, typically made from wood, plastic or metal. Battens are used
removal handle the clean up as lead paint is known to cause birth defects and other hazards to humans
1975
Asbestos
A fire resistant material believed to be carcinogenic
Casement
A window hinged on its side so that it can swing open
Corner Lot
A parcel of land contiguous to two intersecting streets
Cul de sac lot
Lot located at the end of a street which ends in a rounded closed end to provide for U-turns
Dormer
A roof section that rises vertically above the main roofline
Double Hung
A type of window that opens vertically from the top to bottom
Fixed Window
A glass window with no movable parts
Flat Roof
A roof that is almost level except for a slight grading for drainage
Gable
A roof with two sloping edges of approximately equal size
Gambrel
: A roof with two sloping edges with the lower edge being more inclined
Hip Roof
A roof with four sloping sides that rise to meet a ridge. Usually found on garages or church
Horizontal Sliding
Type of window or door that opens horizontally
Insulation
Materials that hinder the passage of sound, cold, heat, or electricity
Interior lot
Parcel of land not located on a corner
Jalousie
Fixed or adjustable slats (louvers) in a door or window
Key Lot
A strategically located lot and the location adds value to itself and adjacent lots. Also, a lot adjacent to
Mansard
A four-sided roof with each side having two separate slopes of different angle degrees; the lower slope is
R-Value
Insulation rating number. The higher the R-value, the greater amount of resistance to temperature
Toxic Waste
A hazardous substance found in soil or water
Underground Storage Tanks
Below ground containers used typically for petroleum product storage
Zero Lot Line
Lot with no setback requirements