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[No Typing] Introduction III


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Scope
The scope of a variable is the area of the program where that variable is valid.
Recursion
a method where the solution to a problem depends on solutions to smaller instances of the same problem
Type system
a collection of rules that assign a property called type to various constructs a computer program consists of, such as variables, expressions, functions or modules
Data Type
a classification identifying one of various types of data, such as real, integer or Boolean, that determines the possible values for that type; the operations that can be done; the meaning and the way values can be stored
...that map efficiently to typical machine instructions
By design, C provides constructs ...
... had formerly been coded in assembly language
C has found lasting use in applications that...
Assembly Language
a low-level programming language for a compute in which there is a very strong (generally one-to-one) correspondence between the language and the architecture's machine code instructions
by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973
C was originally developed _______ at AT&T Bell Labs and used to re-implement the Unix operating system
... by the ANSI and subesquently by the ISO
C has been standardized...
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ISO
International Organization for Standardization