Level 43 Level 45
Level 44

Verbs


42 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
A Godan verb ends with a "u" but not "iru" or "eru."
What is a Godan (group 1) verb? How would you identify it?
An Ichidan verb ends with "iru" or "eru."
What is an Ichidan (group 2) verb? How would you identify it?
There are only two irregular verbs: "kuru" (to come), and "suru" (to do, make, or cost).
What is an Irregular (group 3) verb? How would you identify it?
The verb "suru" is used most often.
What verb is most often used?
The verb "suru" is most often used because it can be combined with nouns to make a verb (example: benkyou (nound: study) + suru (to do) = to study.
Why is this verb most often used?
The dictionary (basic) form of all verbs ends with a "u" and this form is the present informal form.
What is the dictionary form of all verbs?
To make a verb more polite, add "masu" to its dictionary form.
What is used to make a verb more polite?
You would remove the last "u" and add "imasu."
How would you make a Godan verb more polite?
You would remove the last "ru" and add "masu."
How would you make an Ichidan verb more polite?
kuru becomes "kimasu" and "suru" becomes "shimasu."
How would to make an Irregular verb more polite?
You remove the "masu" from the "masu" form of the verb (it's going to be different from the dictionary form).
How do you find a verb's stem?
Because many suffixes can be attached to them, verb stems are useful.
Are verb stems ever used?
There is only present and past. There is no future tense.
How many tenses are there for verbs?
You would use present tense.
Which tense would you use to express future tense?
Replace the "u" with "imashita."
How would you make a past tense formal verb with a Godan verb that ends with "u?"
Replace the "ku" with "ita"
How would you make a past tense informal verb with a Godan verb that ends with "ku?"
Replace the "gu" with "ida"
How would you make a past tense informal verb with a Godan verb ending with "gu?"
Replace "u," "tsu," or "ru" with "tta"
How would you make a past tense informal verb with a Godan verb ending with "u," "tsu," or "ru?"
Replace the "nu," "bu," or "mu" with "nda"
How would you make a past tense informal verb with a Godan verb ending with "nu," "bu," or "mu?"
Replace the "su" with "shita"
How would you make a past tense informal verb with a Godan verb ending with "su?"
Replace "ru" with "mashita"
How would you make a past tense formal Ichidan verb?
Replace "ru" with "ta."
How would you make a past tense informal Ichidan verb?
Replace "kuru" with "kimashita"
How would you make the formal past tense of the verb "kuru?"
Replace "kuru" with "kita"
How would you make the informal past tense of the verb "kuru?"
Replace "suru" with "shimashita"
How would you make the formal past tense of the verb "suru?"
Replace "suru" with "shita"
How would you make the informal past tense of the verb "suru?"
Use the root form of the verb and add "masen" to its ending.
How would you make the present tense, formal, negative Godan verb?
Replace the last "u" with "anai"
How would you make the present tense, informal, negative Godan verb?
Replace the vowel + u with "wanai"
How would you make the present tense, informal, negative Godan verb ending with a vowel + u?
Replace the final "ru" with "nai"
How would you make the present tense, informal, negative Ichidan verb?
Replace "kuru" with "konai."
How would you make the present tense, informal, negative form of the verb "kuru?"
Replace "suru" with "shinai"
How would you make the present tense, informal, negative form of the verb "suru?"
This goes for all groups. Add "deshita" to the formal present negative form
How would you make the past tense, formal, negative verb?
This goes for all groups. Replace "nai" with "nakatta"
Hor would you make the past tense, informal, negative verb?
Replace the last "ta" of the informal past tense with "te" and "da" of the informal past tense with "de"
How do you make the "te" verb?
By itself, the "te" form doesn't indicate tense (past or present)
What doesn't the "te" form indicate?
By itself, the "te" form describes a habitual action/condition
What does the "te" form do by itself?
The "te" form is used to make a request. Add "kudasai" (please) after it
How can the "te" form be used to make a request?
To formally indicate the present progressive tense, add "imasu" after "te" in the "te" form
How would you formally indicate the present progressive tense?
To informally indicate the present progressive tense, add "iru" after "te" in the "te" form
How would you informally indicate the present progressive tense?
Use the "te" form for all verbs but the last in the list.
How would you list consecutive verbs?
Use the "te" form and add "mo ii desu ka" after it
How would you ask permission?