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standardized test

A test that has been carefully constructed and field tested so that it has a high degree of reliability and validity.

norm-referenced test

A test that assesses students by comparing their performance to a group (usually their peers).

criterion-referenced test

A test that assesses students by comparing their performance to predetermined level of mastery. Example: the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT 2.0).

measures of central tendency

The mean, median, and mode are examples of what?

mean

The average of a set of numbers.

median

In a set of ordered numbers, the number that appears in the middle.

mode

The most commonly occuring number in a set of numbers.

measures of variability

"Standard deviation" and "range" are examples of what?

range

In a set of numbers, the highest number subracted by the lowest number.

standard deviation

A measure of the dispersion from the central data point.

raw score

The total number of correct responses on an assessment can be called the ____

z-score

(raw score - mean) / (standard deviation)

quartiles

Values that divide an ordered data set into four, roughly-equal portions.

stanine

Usually derived from percentiles, this score compares test performances on a scale from 1 to 9.

grade equivalent score

This score describes the student's performance in comparison to an average student at a specified grade level.

interquartile range

This measure of data is derived by finding the difference between the first and third quartiles. It results in the central 50 percent of the data set,

formative assessment

This type of assessment is given to students before and during instruction in order to assess how much the student knows. It includes diagnostic tests, homework, projects, quizzes, etc.

diagnostic

This assessment is administered before instruction to determine how much a student knows, and where their learning gaps might be.

summative assessment

This assessment occurs at the end of instruction to determine how much a student has learned. Often for the purpose of grades.

authentic assessment

Assessment that incorporates real-life application tasks, and complex educational performances. Also known as "performance assessment" and "process/product assessment."

instructionally embedded assessment

Particularly popular in early-childhood classrooms, this type of assessment involves the teacher interviewing the student over periods of time in order to gain insight into their interests, learning rate, special skills, and so forth.

portfolio

A meaningful collection of student work.

student self-assessment

When students grade themselves, and assess their own progess.

peer assessment

When students assess their classmate's work.

traditional assessment

A traditional teacher made test, including true and false, fill in the blank, matching, and so forth, in known as this type of assessment.