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Level 8

Competency 8: Subject Matter


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academic literacy
The ability to comprehend content-area texts and literature encountered at school.
direct instruction
An approach that involves the teacher explicitly describing a particular learning strategy, how it works, and that it should be used.
phonemic awareness
The ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds that make up words.
phoneme
The smallest part of sound in a spoken word.
sight words
Words that a reader should be able to immediately recognize and understand.
independent reading level
The reading level where the reader can read the text with 95% accuracy.
grapheme
A written letter (of the alphabet).
synthetic phonics
Students learn how to convert letters and letter combinations into sounds, and then put those sounds together to create words.
analytic phonics
Students learn to analyze letter-sound relationships. They don't practice sounds in isolation; instead they search for a common sound across several words.
analogy-based phonics
Students learn parts (or "chunks") or words, such as "at" or "ing", eventually combining them to create full words.
phonics through spelling
Students learn to segment words into phonemes, and then spell them based on sound.
embedded phonics
Students learn spelling and phonics via reading text.
onset-rime phonics
Students break words down into two parts: the sound before the vowel (onset), and the remainder of the word (rime).
shared reading
When parents read with their child, and the child follows along in the book.
prosody
The pitch, intonation, and expression of reading.
signal words
Words or phrases in a text that signal to the reader that a challenging word or term is about to be explained. Examples: (such as, like, for example, for instance, in this way, etc.)
morpheme
The smallest unit of meaning in language (usually in reference to root words, prefixes, and suffixes).
syllabication
Breaking words down into small, uninterrupted units (think "syllable").
interdisciplinary
Learning the history of a Native American tribe in social studies, and then reading a relevant novel written by a member of that tribe in English class is an example of what type of study? (multiple correct answers)