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Buildings


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Aqueducts
The Romans brought water in from the surrounding countryside. The water was brought in by tubes placed on the wall with arches.
Triumphal arch
Built in honor of a military victory.
Amphitheatre
Used for bloody gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas based on Classical mythology.
Pantheon
Temple to all gods. Commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus and rebuilt by Hadrian about 126 AD.
Thermal baths
Recreation centers of Roman cities, incorporating pools, exercise facilities and even libraries. They could serve hundreds or thousands at a time.
Insulae
Large apartment buildings housed most of the population of a Roman city.
Roman roads
The need to move legions and trade goods in all weather led to the development of the best roads in the world (to the 19th century).
Basilica
Firstly built to house audience facilities for government officials. When Christianity became the state religion, this kind of building was adapted to Christian worship.
Forum
A public square or marketplace in ancient Roman cities where business was conducted and the law courts were situated.
Theatre
Semi-circular building were Romans were watching tragic and comedic plays.
Circus
Large open-air building used for public events, similar to ancient Greek hippodromes.