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Physioligy
the fuctions and processes of the human body
Flexibility
the range of movement around a joint
Peak
at your very best-the best prepared period for you to be able to perform
Inclusion
a policy that no one should experience barriers to their knowledge because of their gender/race/disability/etc
Equestrian
relating to horse back riding or horse back riders
Physique
the form/size and development of a person's body
Metabolic
the whole range of biological processes that occur within us
Power
the combination of speed and strength
Maximal Strength
the greatest amount of weight that can be lifted in one go
Body Composition
the percentage of body weight that is fat/muscle and bone
Musculature
the arrangement of muscles on a body
Somatotypes
different body types based on shape endomorph/mesomorph/ectomorph
Trunk
the middle part of the body
Dehydration
the rapid loss of water from the body
Landscape
the aspect of the land charateristic of a particular region
Challenge
a test of ability or resources in a demanding situation
Risk
the possibility of suffering/loss/harm or danger
Recreational
any form of play/amusement or relaxation performed as games/sports or hobbies
Periodisation
the different parts of a training programme
Peak
at your very best
General Fitness
a state of general good health and to be able to carry out activities at a relatively low level
Local Muscular Fatigue
when muscle/group of muscles are unable to carry on contracting and movement stops
Apprehensive
fearfulof the future
Motivation
your drive to succed and desire to acheive something
Bronchitis
inflamation of the air passages between the nose and lungs
Prescription drugs
drugs that cannot be bought over the counter but only with a doctors prescription
Performance Enhancing Drugs
a type of illegal drug that can help to improve sporting performance
Athletes Foot
a fungal infection between the toes
Fitness
good health or good condition/especially as the result of exercise and proper nutrition
Exercise
activity that requires physical or mental exertion especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness
Sedentary
sitting down or being physically inactive for long periods of time
Joints
a connection point between two bones where movement occurs
Quadriceps
the group of four muscles on the upper front of the leg
Patella
the knee cap
Synovial
where bony surfaces are covered by cartilage connected by ligaments with a joint cavity containing synovial liquid
Articulation
a moveabe joint between inflexible parts of the body
Origin
the end of the muscle attached to the fixed bone
Insertion
the end of the muscle attached to the bone that moves
Prime Mover
the muscle that initially contracts to start a movement AKA the Agonist
Antagonist
the muscle that relaxes to allow movement to take place
Concentric
when the musce shortens
Eccentric
when the muscle gradually lengthens and returns to its normal length and shape
Reaction Time
how quickly you are able to respond to some form of stimulus
Movement Time
how quickly a performer can carry out an actual movement
Inherent
something you are born with
Synchronise
an adjustment that causes something to happen at the same time
Ambidextrous
the ability to use both hands with equal levels of skill
Specificity
training that is particulary suited to a particular sport or activity
Progression
where training is increased gradually as the body adjust to the increased demands being made on it
Plateuing
where progress seems to halt within a training programme and it takes some time to move on to the next level
Overload
making the body work harder than normal in order to improve it
FIT
frequency/intensity/time are ways to make the body work harder
Reversibility
if training stops then the effects gained can be lost too
Lactic Acid
a mild poison and waste products of anaerobic respiration
Training Threshold
the minimum heart rate to be achieved to ensure fitness improves
Training Zone
the range of the heart rate within which a specific training effext will take place
Stations
particular areas where types of exercise are set up or performed
Laps
the number of times each set of stations is performed
Muscle Tone
where tension remains in a muscle even when it is at rest
Repetitions
the number of times you actually move the weights
Sets
the number of times you carry out a particular weight activity
Repetition Maximum (RM0
the maximum weight you're able to lift once
Shuttle Runs
running backwards and forwards across a set distance
Aerobic Exercise
exercise carried out using a supply of oxygen
Extra-Curricular
an activity that takes place outside of timetabled leesons
Cross-Curricular
linking with other subjects taught in school
Whole-School Approach
Something that is an essential part of everything a school does
Economic Wellbeing
having sufficient income for basic necessities
Recreational
any form of play/amusement or relaxation performed as games/sports
Competition
an activity that involves some form of contest/rivalry or game
Tactics
pre-arranged and rehearsed stratergies or methods of play
Technique
the manner or way in which someone carries out or performs a particular skill
Inclusion
a policy that no one should experience barrier to their education due to their race/diability/gender/etc
Equity
something that is fair/just and impartial
Seeded
when all the best players/teams are selected and kept apart in the early rounds
Byes
a free passage to the next round of a knockout
Digital
high-quality images and sounds that are converted into a digital signal with several stations at the same time
Analog
a basic single signal
Pay Per View
where you pay for and watch one specific event or broadcast at a time
Exemplar
a particularly good example or model of how something should be performed
Media Pressure
the way the media may hound or intrude upon individuals
Logo
the badge or emblem that a company uses as the representation of the company name
Endorse
giving approval or supporting something
Goodwill
a good relationship and popularity
Tax Relief
the payment of less tax
Minority Sports
lesser known sports with lower participation levels