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Alfred Binet
the French tester of students' intelligence
Mental age
the chronological age corresponding to a level of performance; devised by Binet
Lewis Terman
the Stanford professor who adapted Binet's test for American norms
Terman's revision of Binet's test, the most common derivation
Intelligence Quotient
mental age/chronological age * 100
ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
wrongly viewing an abstract concept as something concrete
Factor analysis
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test
General intelligence
Spearman's g, underlying intelligence that loosely correlates with others
Charles Spearman
developer of factor analysis and proponent of general intelligence
Primary mental abilities
Thurnstone's seven intelligences: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, and memory
Multiple intelligences
Gardner's eight intelligences: linguistic, logical, musical, spatial, bodily, intrapersonal, interpersonal, and naturalist
Savant syndrome
A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill
Triarchic theory
Sternberg's theory of analytical, creative, and practical intelligences
Emotional intelligence
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions
the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas