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The purchase by the government of a private sector business e.g. the government nationalised the bank Northern Rock
The sale of a government owned business to the private sector e.g. British Airways was government owned until it was sold in the 1980s and became a PLC
A general increase in the price level. It is seen as bad for firms due to menu costs, instability etc.
The number of people without a job. It can affect consumer spending but also lead to lower wages.
The price of one currency in terms of another i.e. how many dollars you get for a pound.
Good purchased from firms in other countries
Goods sold to people in other countries
Modelling your business or production methods on the industry leader
An approach to production where stocks are only delivered just when they are needed, minimising costly storage
Computer Aided Design
Computer Aided Engineering
Taxes on profits
Taxes on workers
A sales tax you pay every time you buy most goods (20% in the UK)
An increase in the value of all goods and services produced in an economy in a year.
When the economy reduced in size for two successive 3 monthly periods (quarters)
When the economy is growing very rapidly
Spending in shops etc.
Spending by firms on machinery etc. used to make more goods
Anyone or any group with an interest in a firm e.g. employees, managers but also suppliers, local government, pressure groups etc.
Groups which exist to promote certain causes e.g. Greenpeace
Bodies which exist to fight for higher pay and better working conditions for their members.
Action e.g. strikes, work-to-rule, go slow etc. which unions can use to try and force an agreement with employers
The European Union
The main destination of UK exports. It consists of 20+ countries including the UK, some of whom have a common currency, the Euro
Considerations of right and wrong in business e.g. should firms 'outsource' production to countries where health and safety is poor to reduce costs.