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collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor from long before recorded history.
language used by most in every day interactions and public communication.
language established by law as the primary language for communication within a country (especially in government and education).
regional variation of a language distinguished by pronunciation, spelling, or vocabulary.
boundary line that separates regions where different languages or dialects are used.
results from mixing the language of a colonizer with an indigenous language.
impromptu form of speaking using simple vocabulary and spelling so that two people of different native languages can communicate with one another.
common language used between two people with different native languages, typically for trade purposes.
language family with largest number of speakers that includes languages found in Europe, Iran, and northern India
language family with second largest number of speakers, includes Mandarin Chinese
native or original to an area.
the practice of settling on another territory, often for exploitation of resources or labor
influencing other countries through direct conquest, economic control, or cultural dominance
the blending of two or more cultures.
restriction against a certain behavior because of social customs.