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Healthy Mind and Body


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Macronutrients
Protein, Carbohydrates and Fats
Micronutrients
Vitamins and Minerals
Balanced Diet
A diet which contains an optimal ratio of nutrients
Somatotypes
Classification of body type
Mesomorph
A somatotype, individuals with wide shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by muscularity
Endomorph
A somatotype, individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness
Ectomorph
A somatotype, individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by thinness
Obese
A term used to describe people who are very overfat
Overfat
A way of saying you have more body fat than you should have
Overweight
Having weight in excess of normal (not harmful unless accompanied by overfatness)
Anorexia
A prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite
Diuretics
Drugs that elevate the rate of bodily urine excretion
Beta Blockers
Drugs that are used to control heart rate and that have a calming and relaxing effect. Used in sports such as Snooker
Anabolic Steroids
Drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth. Used in sports such as Sprinting
Erythropoietin (EPO)
A type of peptide hormone that increases the red blood cell count. Used in sports such as Road Cycling
Narcotic Analgesics
Drugs that can be used to reduce the feeling of pain. Used in many sports to disguise the pain of injuries
Peptide Hormones
Drugs that cause the production of other hormones. E.g. EPO used in endurance sports
Underweight
Weighing less than is normal, healthy or required
PAR-Q
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
PEP
Personal Exercise Programme
Carbohydrate
Stored and used for energy. E.g. Pasta
Protein
Used for muscle growth and repair. E.g. Fish
Fibre
Used to keep the digestive system healthy. E.g. Nuts and beans
Fats
Source of energy in low intensity exercise. E.g. Oily fish
Vitamins and Minerals
Found in fruit and vegetables
Water
Essential for the body to function. Regular intake prevents dehydration
Stimulants
Drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system, such as increased mental and/or physical alertness. Used in sports such as Sprinting