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Components of Fitness


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Health Related Components of Fitness
Cardiovascular, Muscular Endurance, Muscular Strength, Flexibility and Body Composition
Skill Related Components of Fitness
Speed, Agility, Co-ordination, Reaction Time, Balance and Power
Cardiovascular Fitness
Is the ability to exercise the whole body for long periods of time and is sometimes called stamina
Muscular Strength
Is the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance. It helps sportspeople to hit, tackle and throw
Muscular Endurance
Is the ability to use voluntary muscles many times without becoming tired
Flexibility
Is the range of movement possible at a joint. It helps performers to stretch and reach further
Body Composition
Is the percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle or bone. It helps sportspeople depending on the type of sport they play, eg heavy rugby players are more effective in the scrum than lightweight p
Agility
The ability to change the position of the body quickly and with control. This helps team players dodge their opponents
Balance
The ability to retain the centre of mass above the base of support when stationary (static balance) or moving (dynamic balance)
Co-ordination
The ability to use two or more body parts together. This helps all athletes to move smoothly and quickly especially when also having to control a ball
Power
The ability to use strength at speed. This helps athletes to jump high, throw far or sprint quickly. Power = Strength x Speed
Reaction Time
The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of a movement. This helps swimmers to make a fast start
Speed
The rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time or how quickly an individual can move