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Court and the legal process A

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A sworn statement made under oath
Affirmative defense
A defense that does not deny the truth of the allegation but gives some other reason why the defendant cannot be held liable.
The defendant’s written answer to a plaintiff’s complaint in a civil suit.
The initial pleading that starts a lawsuit.
Concurrent jurisdiction
Jurisdiction that is shared by different courts and that may allow for removal.
The examination of a witness who has already testified in order to check or discredit the witness’s testimony, knowledge, or credibility.
Default judgment
A judgment entered by a court against a party for failure to appear or take other required procedural steps.
A statement made under oath by a party or witness in response to oral examination and that is recorded by a court reporter.
Direct examination
The first examination of a witness by the party calling the witness.
The methods used by parties to a lawsuit to obtain information held by the other party that is relevant to the action.
Diversity of citizenship
A condition in which the plaintiff and defendant are residents of different states.
Exclusive jurisdiction
Jurisdiction granted only to a particular court to the exclusion of others.
Federal question jurisdiction
Jurisdiction granted to federal courts over disputes arising under the Constitution, federal laws, or treaties of the U.S.
General jurisdiction
Jurisdiction that is not limited to a particular class of cases.