Level 7 Level 9
Level 8

DNA, genes and protein synthesis


13 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
Genetic code
The sequence of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that determines the specific amino acid sequence in the synthesis of proteins
Gene Locus
The position if a gene on a chromosome or DNA molecule
Polypeptides
A molecule containing many amino acids
Transcription
The process by which genetic information is copied from DNA to RNA
Introns
A segment of a DNA or RNA molecule that does not code for proteins and interrupts the sequence of genes
Exons
A segment of a DNA or RNA molecule that codes for proteins
Translation
The process by which mRNA is used to construct a new protein
mRNA
An RNA molecule that is created during transcription and is used to synthesise proteins
RNA
A molecule that is used to carry instructions in the cell. It is similar to DNA but contains uracil instead of thymine
DNA
A nucleic acid that carries the genetic information in the cell
Codon
A sequence of three nucleotides which together form a unit of genetic code in a DNA or RNA molecule.
Chromosomes
A thread-like structure of protein and DNA by which hereditary information is physically passed from one generation to the next
Allele
One of a number of alternative forms of a gene.